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论民事权利滥用之禁止

时间:2017-08-08 法律毕业论文 我要投稿

摘  要

在《中华人民共和国民法通则》第7条中明确规定:“民事活动应尊重社会公德,不得损害社会公共利益,破坏国家经济计划,扰乱社会经济秩序”。禁止民事权利滥用原则发展的理论基础可以追溯到罗马法中对所有权的限制问题。在罗马法中为了协调公共利益与个人利益,产生了许多限制权利滥用的思想。当今民事权利滥用的具体表现形态多种多样,形式复杂,大体上可以概括为恶意行使、损害正当利益、无权行使、违反法律和公共利益、违反侵权法的1般性原则、主张与自己行为相矛盾的权利、滥用消极行使的行为和超过容忍限度的权利行使这8种。而随着社会的不断发展,面对现代生活中出现的滥用民事权利的情形,在未来民法典中明确禁止权利滥用原则的适用范围和标准以及具体的制裁方式等法律难题将显得尤为急切。同时,将我国当今《民法通则》第7条进行完善后引入未来我国《民法典》中或者从新定义禁止民事权利原则的相关条款,在我国未来《民法典》中确立禁止权利滥用原则的独立性地位和作用才是解决民事权利滥用的根本之计。

关键词:民法基本原则  民事权利滥用  诚实信用  权利本质


Abstract

 In seventh explicitly stipulated in "Peoples Republic of ChinaGeneral provisions of the civil law" that, "The civic action shouldrespect the common courtesy, does not have to harm the social publicinterest, the destruction state economy plan, the harassment socialeconomy order". Forbids the civil right to abuse the principledevelopment the rationale to be allowed to trace in the Roman law tothe property rights the limit question. In Roman law in order tocoordinate the public interest with the personal interest, has had thethought which many limits rights abuses. Now the civil right abusesconcrete manifestation shape many and varied, the form is complex, onroughly may summarize for the evil intention exercises, the harm rightbenefit, has no right to exercise, to violate the law and the publicinterest, violates the behavior which the right infringement methodgeneral principle, the position and own behavior contradictory right,abuses negatively exercises and surpasses the tolerance limit theright to exercise these eight kinds. But along with societysunceasing development, appears facing the modern life in abuses thecivil right the situation, will be clear about the prohibition rightin the future people statute book to abuse legal difficult problem andso on the principle applicable scope and standard as well as concretesanction way appears especially anxiously. At the same time, after now"General provisions of the civil law" seventh will carry on ourcountry the consummation to introduce future our country "PeopleStatute book" center or anew defines the prohibition civil rightprinciple the related provision, future "People Statute book" centerwill establish the prohibition right in our country to abuse theprinciple the independent status and the function is idea of the basiswhich the solution civil right will abuse

Key word: Civil law basic principle   The civil right abuses  Honest credit   Right essence
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注:【包括:毕业论文,任务书,开题报告

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