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解读象征手法在《麦田里的守望者》中的运用

时间:2017-10-02 其他毕业论文 我要投稿
毕业论文

Decoding the Symbols Used in The Catcher in the Rye

Abstract

The Catcher in the Rye is the important works of a contemporary American writer J.D. Salinger. The novel vividly reflects Holden who represents the agony of youth in the United States after World War II. Salinger delineates Holden’s inner world by symbolism. Symbolism just like a black and white movie embellishes a few bright colors occasionally and forms a unique art style. The application of symbolism plays a decisive role in the presentation of the theme and characters. The object, scene, color and character in the works are all given special symbolic meanings. The writer sets Holden in a scene which made up by duck, snow and cliff. Using environment such as Pensy Prep school to express the powerful mainstream society culture, Holden is too weak to resist it alone. Meanwhile, Salinger takes advantage of red hunting hat, museum to represent the emptiness of Holden’s inner world and the difficulties to pursue his ideal world, revealing the youth in American suffered a lot on both body and mind in the reality of existence crisis after WWII. All in all, the novel is very successful, the symbolism always runs through the whole novel. Without this unique writing style, there are no such characteristics of Holden, and of course, there is no success of the novel.

Key Words: symbolism;Holden Caulfield; the Beat generation; J. D. Salinger;The Catcher in the Rye;

摘 要

《麦田里的守望者》是美国当代作家塞林格的重要作品,小说主人公生动地反映了2战后美国青年1代成长的烦恼。作者利用象征的手法揭示了人物的内心世界, 小说中的象征宛如1部黑白电影, 间或地点缀着几道明亮的色彩, 从而构成独特的艺术风格。其象征手法的运用对烘托主题、刻画人物起了举足轻重的作用,作品中的事物、场景、颜色和人物等均被赋予了特殊的象征意义。塞林格颇具匠心地将霍尔顿置于1个由鸭、风雪、悬崖等意象构成的生存场景中,通过其环境的如潘西中学来说明传统主流文化的强大,霍尔顿太弱小了无力抵抗。用红色猎人帽、博物馆等来寓示霍尔顿精神的匮乏、理想追寻的艰难,揭示了战后美国青年在身心和生存;斜妒芗灏镜南质。总的来说,这部小说非常地成功,其中的象征始终贯穿全文,彰显霍尔顿的个性,使得小说走向成功。

关键词:象征、霍尔顿、垮掉的1代、塞林格、麦田里的守望者

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