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浅析英语无标志被动句

时间:2017-10-02 其他毕业论文 我要投稿
毕业论文

On Unmarked English Passive Sentence

Abstract

   The passive voice, being considered as a key grammar point studied by many famous grammarians and linguists, can be divided into two categories according to their structure features and agents respectively. They are marked passives and unmarked passives. This thesis is based on the theories of many linguists and concludes with various forms of unmarked passive sentences, and their uses scale in textual, semantic and rhetoric agents. In order to have a clearer knowledge of it, in the last part of the thesis, a contrastive study on the differences between the English and Chinese unmarked passives is made.

Key Words: unmarked; agent; recipient; classification; configuration

摘  要

被动语态是众多著名语法学家和语言学家多年来研究的语法重点,根据其结构和施事分别将其分为两类:有标志被动句和无标志被动句。本文以前人提出的有关被动句语态的句式结构,语篇功能,对说话者意图的影响等多个方面为材料,总结并阐述国内外权威语言学家,文体学家的研究成果,结合当代最新的语法研究理论,对被动句进行系统地研究,从语用语法的角度结合实际中人们运用被动句的应用,重点对占英语大多数被动句形式的无标志被动句进行探索,主要是着重于对其分类的研究以及施事与受事之间关系对句子表达形式的影响问题,为进1步了解其特征和用法,将其与汉语无标志被动句进行了比较。

关键词:无标志、施事、受事、分类、结构

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