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论吉姆老爷的双重身份

时间:2017-10-02 其他毕业论文 我要投稿
毕业论文

A Study on Lord Jim’s Dual Identity

Abstract

In Lord Jim, Conrad creates the character Jim as a person with a dual identity of Christian hero and the imperialism agent. He continues to seek for self-integrity advocated by Christian religion, in spite of many frustrations, until he finally reaches his aim through self-sacrifice and wins the name of “Lord Lim” in Patusan. However, the perfection of morality what Jim pursued are based on the racial discrimination and the unequal nationality. They took root in the imperialism and the colonialism soil,  Jim is at the same time described by Conrad as an agent of imperial expansion who works in dishonorable ways to make profits for his company. The oppostition between the advocation of morals by Christianity and the expansion of empire causes the conflict between Jim’s behavior and the social environment. His death is inevitable due to the conflicts between his two identities.

Key Words: Joseph Conrad; Lord Jim; dual identity; Christian; imperialist

摘  要

康拉德在《吉姆老爷》1书中将主人公吉姆塑造为1个虔诚的基督徒英雄和帝国主义殖民扩张代理人双重身份的形象。他虽然经受多次失败和挫折,仍矢志不渝地追求基督教意义上的自我完善,直到最终以自我牺牲来达到他的基督教理想,并被帕图桑当寺人尊称为“吉姆老爷”。然而吉姆所追求的道德完美是基于种族歧视和民族不平等之上,扎根于帝国主义和殖民主义土壤中的。他同时被描述为帝国主义殖民扩张的代理人,为帝国主义贸易公司工作,用各种不光彩的手段奴役殖民地人民。由于基督教提倡的道德与帝国扩张的根本对立,致使他的这些行为与他所处社会历史环境相抵触。他的死是其双重身份不断激化的产物,具有历史必然性。

关键词:约瑟夫•康拉德、吉姆老爷、双重身份、基督教徒、帝国主义者

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