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时间:2017-10-02 其他毕业论文 我要投稿

On Translating Metaphor from Chinese to English


Metaphor is commonly used in daily language; it is one of the most important and basic method in human cognition domain. Metaphor is cognitive in essence, and it is a thought pattern manifested by language. This thesis firstly compares cognition linguistics with traditional rhetoric in the view point of metaphor, and sums up the classification, features and functions of metaphor in cognition linguistics. Then the thesis studies the correlations between culture and metaphor. On the basis of that, in light of corresponding metaphor cultural discrepancies and translation criteria, namely “faithfulness, expressiveness and elegance”, the thesis puts forward some translation strategies from Chinese metaphors to English. According to different geographical environments, color languages, religious beliefs, image association and allusions, the thesis respectively employs conversion, liberal translation, literal translation, substitute and literal translation adding annotation and so on. Finally, this thesis points out other factors hindering the translation from Chinese to English and some problems existing in translation strategies.

Key Words: metaphor; translation principle; language; culture; translation

摘 要




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