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动词过程类型的选择和话语隐性态度的表达

时间:2017-10-02 其他毕业论文 我要投稿
毕业论文

Choices of Verbal Process Type and Expression of Implicit Discourse Attitude

Abstract

Critical Linguistics, a kind of instrumental linguistics based mainly on Hallidays systemic-functional grammar, has developed since 1970s. It aims to unveil the hidden relationship between language, power and ideology, for implicit attitude exists pervasively in any discourse. As one of the analytical tools in critical linguistics, the transitivity approach to discourse analysis began when M.A.K. Halliday (1971) made a transitivity analysis of William Goldings novel The Inheritors. This thesis adopts it as its analyzing framework.
In conducting a transitivity analysis of two English news discourses from China and the United Sates, the thesis here tends to investigate what implicit attitude hidden behind news discourses will be showed up when the news discourses are about the same event and of the same genre. Through the critical analysis of English news discourse from a transitivity perspective, the main findings obtained are as follows: news discourses are not so just or objective as they are proclaimed to be, and the different implicit attitude can be revealed through the different verbal processes used in the news discourse.

Key Words: process types; material process; relational process; expression of implicit attitude

摘  要

    批评语言学是1门工具语言学,主要以韩礼德的系统功能语法为基础,并发展于20世纪70年代。它以揭示语言、权利和意识形态的潜在关系为目的,因为隐形态度广泛地存在于任何语篇之中。及物性语法是批评性语篇分析的主要工具之1。事实上,1971年韩礼德就对威廉•戈尔丁的长篇小说《继承者》做了及物性分析,这标志着及物性方法用于语篇分析的开始。本论文则试图将及物性方法用于英语新闻语篇的分析。
论文主要采用及物性理论这1批评性分析工具,对中国和美国的英语新闻语篇进行分析。其目的是研究对于同样的新闻事件和同样的新闻体裁,隐藏在新闻语篇背后的意识形态是否能通过对新闻语篇进行及物性分析而体现出来。通过对所选定的英语新闻样本进行及物性的批评性分析,本论文得出的结论是:新闻语篇并不像所声称的那样客观,公正。对于不同国家,同1新闻事件的同1体裁的新闻报道,往往会反映出不同的隐性态度,而这1不同的隐性态度能通过分析英语新闻语篇的动词过程类型而反映出来。

关键词: 过程类型、物质过程、关系过程、话语隐性态度的表达
 
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