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大学英语听力理解中的策略研究

时间:2017-10-02 其他毕业论文 我要投稿
毕业论文

A Research on the Strategies Employed in College English Listening Comprehension

Abstract

It is widely acknowledged that listeners are active processors of information instead of passive receivers of oral stimuli. In order to achieve real comprehension, listeners have to focus on the selected aspects of aural information and construct meaning from the aural input by drawing upon their prior knowledge of the world and of the target language. Listeners often resort to various listening comprehension strategies to help them make predictions, judgments and generalization to achieve comprehension and accomplish tasks. An awareness and deployment of effective listening comprehension strategies can help students capitalize on language input and achieve a greater success in language learning. So an analysis of listening strategies is very important.
This thesis is a report on the study of listening strategy used by college students. The purpose of the study is to see the efficiency and teachability of strategy training in English listening. Based on the theory of learning strategy, this thesis deals with the factors affecting students’ listening comprehension and listening strategy training. By doing a research on TEM--4 the listening of students in Hunan Institute of Science and Technology. It is found that listening strategy is very important in English listening and is necessary for us to do strategy training.

Key Words: listening comprehension; listening strategies; listening strategy analysis; listening strategy training

摘  要

研究者们认为听力理解过程并非是单1的语言信息解码过程,而是1种解码过程的意思再构造过程的结合。在这1过程中,听者积极运用语言知识和非语言知识、情景知识和背景知识,对所听信息进行吸收和处理,以达到正确判断说话人的意图、获得对话语的整体理解的目的。听者往往要借助各种听力策略来帮助自己利用上下文信息和已有知识来进行推测、概括、和判断,从而弄清楚意思、完成听力任务。听力策略对学生而言是极其有用的工具,因为它打开了1条通往成功的可靠道路。因此对听力策略的分析非常重要的。
本文是1篇关于听力策略分析的研究报告。此研究在本校本专业学生中进行,旨在验证听力策略在听力测试中的作用以及怎么培养听力策略。以学习策略为做依据,此文主要研究影响听力理解的因素和对学生听力策略的培养。通过对本校学生在TEM4考试中听力成绩的研究来发现听力策略的重要性以及听力策略培训的必要性。

关键词:听力理解、听力策略、听力策略分析、听力策略培训

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