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英语词汇学习策略与学习成绩之相关研究

时间:2017-10-02 其他毕业论文 我要投稿
毕业论文

On Relevant Relationship between English Vocabulary Learning Strategies
and Academic Achievements
Abstract

    Vocabulary learning is central to language acquisition since it is the fundamental element of every aspect of the target language acquisition. Learners’ vocabulary learning strategies refer to specific approaches, methods, behaviors, steps, or techniques that learners use to improve their progress in acquiring the target language. Research on learning strategies commenced in the early 1970’s. Most of the early studies in this aspect focused on the approaches and actions/techniques that the “good” language learners used to improve their progress in developing the second language skills.
In this thesis the author investigates into what strategies are commonly used by college students in their English vocabulary learning, as well as the relationship between the students’ English academic achievements and their own vocabulary learning strategies. From the results of the survey we can conclude that: (1) Rote or simple rehearsal is the commonly used vocabulary learning strategy; (2) Relevant relationship between the vocabulary learning strategies and English academic achievements. The top students use more metacognitive strategies and social/affective strategies than the bottom students. So we can say various and efficient vocabulary learning strategies can improve the English academic achievements. Based on these findings, the author’s proposal is that teachers should help students use various and efficient vocabulary learning strategies, especially the metacognitive and social/affective strategies, and teachers should arouse the learner’s interest in English vocabulary learning. 

Key Words: vocabulary learning strategy; metacognitive strategy;cognitive
strategy; social/affective strategy

摘 要

词汇学习在外语学习中有着举足轻重的作用。学习者的词汇学习策略指的是学习者在第2语言学习中所采用的用以提高其学习效果的1些方法,策略,行为,步骤等。该领域的研究始于20世纪70年代早期。早期的研究主要集中于对成功的学习者所采用的方法、策略及行为的研究。由于词汇学习策略种类众多、效果不1,因此在对这些策略进行研究、分析的时候,科学的分类方法和研究方法是至关重要的。
在本论文中作者做了1个关于词汇学习策略的调查研究。被调查者均是湖南理工学院3年级的学生。作者试从此调查中找出他们最常使用的词汇学习策略以及词汇学习策略与英语学习成绩之间的关系。从调查中作者得出结论:(1)机械记忆法依然是最常使用的词汇学习策略;(2)词汇学习策略与学习成绩之间存在着1定的关系。英语成绩好的学生使用更多的元认知策略和社交情感策略。所以我们可以说多种有效的词汇学习策略能够提高学生的英语学习成绩。依此结论作者认为英语老师应该帮助学生使用多种而有效的词汇学习策略,并提高学生学习英语词汇的兴趣。

关键词:词汇学习策略、认知策略、元认知策略、社交情感策略

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