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论《儿子与情人》中的俄狄普斯情结

时间:2017-10-02 其他毕业论文 我要投稿
毕业论文

A Study of the Oedipus Complex in Sons and Lovers

Abstract

In the second half of the 19th century and the early decades of the 20th century, frequent economic depressions and mass unemployment produced a profound impact upon the western people, who came to see the prevalent wretchedness in capitalism. All these radical changes gave rise to all kinds of philosophical ideas in Western Europe. Among them, Freudian analytical psychology drastically altered people’s conception of human nature. Freudian psychoanalysis had a great influence on those modern western writers, especially modern English novelists. Lawrence was one of the writers who had been influenced by Freud. His famous novel, Sons and Lovers, is based on the Oedipus Complex of Freudian psychology to explain an abnormal love between mother and son. The protagonist, Paul, was tied up by the abnormal maternal love, and then tried to struggle to set free from it. Eventually, he failed. This thesis analyzes the abnormal love between the mother and son in sons and lovers in the light of the theory of Oedipus Complex to find out the essence of Paul’s Oedipus Complex and, at the same time, it puts forward the view that Sons and Lovers is a mirror of Lawrence’s own life, that is to say, Paul, the son’s life resembles Lawrence’s own life in many aspects.

Key Words: Oedipus Complex; Mrs. Morel; Paul; Lawrence

摘 要

19世纪末到20世纪初,接连不断的经济;氪蠓段б,使西方人意识到了工业文明所带来的1系列问题。这1系列巨变促使各家哲学思想在西欧百花齐放般的产生。其中,弗洛伊德的精神分析法改变了人们对人性的认识。弗洛伊德主义对西方现代作家特别对英国现代小说家有着很大的影响。劳伦斯便是受其影响的作家之1。他的著作《儿子和情人》就是借鉴了弗洛伊德理论中的恋母情节,刻画了1对母子的畸形情感。小说中的主角保罗被畸形的两性爱情所束缚,他努力想从这种感情中解脱出来,但最后以失败告终。本文从俄狄普斯情结出发,分析《儿子与情人》中母亲与儿子复杂的感情以及保罗的恋母情结产生的原因。同时提出《儿子与情人》是劳伦斯的真实生活的1种写照。也就是说,小说中的儿子保罗的生活在许多方面与劳伦斯的相似。

关键词 俄狄普斯情结、莫利尔太太、保罗、劳伦斯

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