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ʱ䣺2017-10-02 ҵ ҪͶ
ҵ

Ecocriticism in The Old Man and the Sea

Abstract

Hemingway is a famous American writer in the twentieth century. Among his works, The Old Man and the Sea is the most famous one, which made him win the Noble Prize for Literature in 1954. Ecocriticism was introduced into the studies of Hemingway and The Old Man and the Sea around the 1990s, providing a new perspective for reading this book.
This research is to make an ecocritical reading of The Old Man and the Sea, and discuss about the relationship between the old man, Santiago, the nature and other livings in the ocean, exploring the contradiction between ecological awareness and actual behavior of the hero. Santiago has a wise nature-centric ecological awareness, but he behaves in a fearless way to conquer nature, which brings an internecine consequence to both nature and him. Through these descriptions, the author reveals the terrible consequences of trying to conquer nature, urging people to return to nature, and live with nature harmoniously.

Key Words: Hemingway; The Old Man and the Sea; Santiago; Ecocriticism; ecological awareness; nature
                                  
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210ΪƷ֮1Ϊ1954ʹŵѧ210910̬йѧ뺣оΪṩµӽ
Ĵ̬ĽǶԡϸ̽Ʒ˹ʥǸȻ֮Ĺϵ̬̽ʶʵΪ֮ìʥǸпȻ̬ʶжȴηȻʾޱȵ;ȻܾͨʵΪоΪIJ1ӶʾȻĿºعȻȻг

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