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对立、融合与超越—论《一间自己的房间》中女性主义的升华

时间:2017-10-02 其他毕业论文 我要投稿
毕业论文

Abstract

Virginia Woolf is a world-famous English writer. And she is one of important representatives of modernism and stream of consciousness. Her essay A Room of One’s Own is a classical work of feminism.
This paper analyses the development of feminism in Virginia Woolf’s A Room of One’s Own. The exploration of this subject is made in three steps with woman and fiction on its two constant clues. The three parts of this paper are the three different levels of feminism’s development. The first part of the paper elaborates on the misogyny—the opposition of two sexes. It includes that the economy limitation on woman’s development, and the traditional way of thinking and men value standard which impact woman writers seriously in spirit. The second part dwells on the androgyny level. As woman realize the value of their own, woman writers begin to look for their own identities and standard which are different from men’s. Woolf doesn’t only find the differences between two sexes, but also realizes that men and women are not simply oppositive. So she refers to an ideal of androgyny. The last part is transsexualism level. Woolf agrees with Coleridge believing that the writers must be woman-manly or man-womanly. And one can write great novel only if he or she can balance two sexes in his or her mind.
Although, Woolf’s feminism concept is seemed as submission by some radical feminists, but I think , in order to get the liberation, the two sexes should communicate to each other instead of opposition.

Key words: feminism; misogyny; androgyny; transsexualism


摘  要

弗吉尼亚•伍尔夫是蜚身世界文坛的英国女作家。作为杰出的小说家,她是现代主义的信徒和意识流小说的重要代表之1。其著作《1间自己的房间》被世人奉为女权主义的宣言和经典之作。
本文从女性主义发展的角度对弗吉尼亚•伍尔夫的《1间自己的房间》的内容进行了分析。它以贯穿该文章的两大主题--女性与小说作为线索,对女性的生存、生活状况以及女性主义的发展升华进行了论述。首先论述了两性的对立层面。它包括了女性的发展所受到社会经济和传统观念的制约,以及建立在两性对立基础上的社会意识、思维模式和伦理价值标准对女性作家的深刻影响。接着是融合层面。随着女性自我意识的觉醒,女性作家开始寻找女性不同于男性的自我身份和价值观,同时致力于确定女性的话语方式。伍尔夫既看到了两性的差异,又认为两者并非简单对立。因此她提出了富于辩证精神的两性融合的理想。最后是超越层面。伍尔夫赞同柯勒律治的观点,相信作家创造性的心灵应该同时兼备男女两性的特征。只有当作家心中的两性因素协调时,才有可能写出伟大的作品。                                                              
伍尔夫深刻独到的女性主义观点为当时女性主义的发展做出了贡献。尽管伍尔夫的双性同体思想被后来1些激进的女权主义者视为是1种投降与妥协,但我认为,男性同样受到父权制文化传统的制约,由此可见,男女两性自身的解放并不是通过对立与斗争得到,而是在交流、对话和互补中获取。

关键词: 女性主义;对立;融合;超越

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