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时间:2017-10-02 其他毕业论文 我要投稿

Effect of background knowledge on foreign language reading comprehension

In the past 20 years, the effects of the background knowledge have around general attention of linguistics. Comprehension is perceived to be an essential component in reading. This thesis first explains the theory of reading, for example, the bottom-up model, the top-down model, the interactive model and the schema theory, later on the basis of Carrell’s theory, illustrates the effects of background knowledge on the foreign language reading comprehension. In Carrell’s theory, there are three components in background knowledge: context, familiarity and transparency. Context in essence refers to any knowledge that the text is about a particular content area, just like a title, a picture, or a graph and so on, which could provide a hint as to the topic of the test is going to focus on. Familiarity is the background knowledge in the content area of the text, and transparency is prior knowledge that the structure of the text. This thesis makes more research about this three components and use the materials that come from Senior English for China Students Book 1A to comfirm them . All of this thesis try to do is in order to let the teachers make more attention to teach background knowledge to the students during teaching.
Key Words: background knowledge; reading comprehension; context; familiarity; transparency

摘  要




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