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目野性与文明的冲突-评析《呼啸山庄》

时间:2018-05-21 其他毕业论文 我要投稿

毕业论文


内 容 摘 要


笔者认为《呼啸山庄》是1部野性与文明的集合体。野性与文明贯穿于整部小说中,它们之间的冲突把小说推向最高峰,本文着重从4个方面叙述作品是如何体现野性与文明的主题的。首先,从艾米丽·勃朗特本身的性格进行分析,她外表柔弱,内心刚强,自由奔放。接着,从作品的主人公的性格特征进行分析,凯瑟琳的任性倔强,希斯克厉夫的粗犷野蛮,还有他们对爱情的忠贞不渝。同时,本文还从爱情的两个3角模式来分析野性与文明的冲突的这1主题。两种激励的爱情冲突把《呼啸山庄》推向艺术的最高殿堂。而且作品中有两个特殊的象征,即,呼啸山庄象征着野性的呼唤而画眉田庄则象征着文明的天堂。接着,本文还从艺术风格上对作品进行,作品不仅包含了神秘怪诞的哥特式风格,而且还包含现实主义的理念和浪漫主义的特色。哥特式风格透漏出1种狂野,而浪漫主义则显示出1种文明。

关 键 词

野性;文明; 冲突; 爱情


Abstract

The author thinks “Wuthering Heights” is the combination of savageness and civilization. The civilized and the savage go through the whole novel. Conflict between them pulls the novel to the highest point. In this thesis, the author analyses the subject of the civilized and the savage from four sides. Firstly, Emily Bronte’s personality is analyzed, weakness in her outward appearance, firmness in her heart. Secondly, characters of heroes and heroines are analyzed. Catherine is rebellious and stubborn, Heathcliff is rough and savage. They are unswerving in their loyalty. At the same time, this text returns this topic of the conflict by analyzing the savageness and civilization from two triangle modes of the love. And there are two special symbols in the work, namely, Wuthering Heights symbolizes the savageness but the Thrushcross Grange represents the heaven of the civilization. Finally, the author analyses the work from art style. The work is influenced not only by Gothic but by Romanticism and Realism. Gothic reveals a kind of wildness, but the Romantic shows civilization

Key Words: conflict; civilization; savageness; love


Acknowledgements

Writing an essay is a significant project .Not only do we get plenty of knowledge but also get much friendship and concern. Here, firstly, I shall thank for my supervisor, Mrs Fan Xiaohang who not only gave me some important advices but also corrected carefully my mistakes in the article. And then I am grateful to my roommates: Shi Xiaoping, Lu Yanyan and Jiang Shinan .They help me look for useful resources and help me correct many mistakes in my essay. Thanks for library of Zhengzhou Institute of Aeronautics. Thanks also with Beijing library, Beijing foreign language library. Thank my mother and father. Thank everybody that helps and concerns me.

Contents

Abstract (Chinese)………………………………………………………i.
Abstract (English) ……………………………………………………..ii.
Acknowledgements……………………………………………………iii.
I.Introduction ……………………………………………………1

II. Theme of the Novel—Conflict between Civilization and Savageness ……………………………………………………….2
A. Emily Bronte’s Characters Reflected from the Feature of Hero and Heroine of “Wuthering Heights”…………………...2
1. The Civilized and the Savage of Emily Bronte’s Character……...3
2. The Character of Heathcliff and Catherine……………………….4
3. Another Character Feature………………………………………..5
B. Conflict between the Civilized Love and the Savage Love………6
1. The First Love-triangle---the Savage Love being Superior to the Civilized Love…………………………………………………..6
2. The Second Love-triangle ----- the Savage Love being Inferior to the Civilized Love…………………………………………..8
3. Two Main Settings in the Story………………………….........10
C. The Theme Reflected from the Art Style ….………………11
1. Mysterious and Horrible Gothic Style...……………………. 11
2. Romanticism in Victorian and Realism………………….…..11

III Conclusion………………………………………………………13 Work Cited……………………………………………………..15

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