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埃德加.爱伦.坡的女性观

时间:2017-10-02 其他毕业论文 我要投稿
毕业论文

Abstract
Allan Poe is an outstanding writer of poems and stories. His short fictions have caught the attention of many critics and scholars over the past century. Among them, many short fictions about womens death and madness are picked out here by the present author for analysis. Through analysis cultural and psychological contexts of women in aspects of male gaze and female subjectivity, the paper ventures to interpret Poes female images in those works and than to know Poe’ views on women. From these tales, it is found that the images of women created by Poe are of two kinds. The model-wife in "The Oval Portrait" is a woman of silence without the spirit of resistance because she is too submissive to resist; Ligeia in "Ligeia" is a woman with female subjectivity. She is more extraordinary. Though she is also the object of male desire, she can afford to hold her identity and female subjectivity. Because of her strong will and character, Ligeia expresses her desires clearly and succeeded. She possesses autonomy in both her love and life.
Having analyzed these female images, the author of the present paper comes to the conclusion that femininity is what is shared in these stories; and in these short fictions and elsewhere, Poe exposes womens miserable life in patriarchal society and expresses his great sympathy for them. So from we could clearly know that what is Poe'contradiction views on women.
Key words:  Edgar Allan Poe   views on women    male gaze   female subjectivity    contradiction
内容摘要
    爱伦•坡是1位优秀的诗人及作家。1个多世纪以来,他的小说吸引了无数学者和评论家的关注。其中,有多篇短篇小说的主题是女性死亡和疯狂,通过分析小说中女性的社会环境、文化环境及心理状况,从男性视角及女性自主等方面着手分析这3篇小说中的女性形象。这些小说中的女性形象可分为两类:a.不具具有反抗精神的女性在男性视角中,这些女性都受到了压迫和歧视。她们被迫成为男性的欲望对象有反抗精神的沉默的女性!锻衷残位瘛分械哪L仄拮犹谌砣醵薹ǚ纯,她是不具有反抗精神的沉默的女性;B.拥有女性自主的女性!侗蠢啄崴俊分械谋蠢啄崴、《丽姬娅》中的罗维娜以及《黑猫》中的妻子都竭力反抗男性的压迫。尽管没成功,但她们表现出了反抗精神;《丽姬娅》中的丽姬娅则不同。她虽然也是男性角色的欲望对象,但她拥有自己的身份与女性自主。她甚至比她丈夫还要强而有力,因此她不但说出了她的欲望而且还满足了她的欲望。丽姬娅主宰了她的爱情和生命。
通过分析这些女性形象,我们发现在这几篇小说中存在着女性意识。通过她们,爱伦•坡揭露了父权社会中女性悲惨的命运,表达了对女性的同情,同时使我们更好地了解爱伦•坡 矛盾的的女性观。
关键词:   埃德加•爱伦•坡     男性视角      女性自主   女性观     矛盾的

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