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托马斯.哈代《还乡》中“爱格敦荒原”的象征意义

时间:2017-10-02 其他毕业论文 我要投稿
毕业论文

Abstract

The Return of the Native is one of Thomas Hardy’s “Novels of Character and Environment”. This paper mainly deals with the conflict between the main character in the novel and the “Environment”—Egdon Heath, especially the conflict between Eustacia and the Heath. The Heath as a physical object is described as “inviolate”, untouchable and unalterable by man; as a symbol it is highly flexible: it becomes what the various characters want to make of it. It is ugly for Eustacia, beautiful for Clym, comforting for Thomasin, and home for Venn. And it is described differently by the narrator at different times, depending on the perspective of the character being focused on. Besides, Egdon Heath itself is the oldest character. In The Return, Eustacia hates the Heath and want to escape from it; Clym wants to change it; while Thomasin and Venn are faithful to it; but for Mrs. Yeobright, she neither loves it nor hates it, she is like a denizen. Whoever you are, if you want to rebel against the Heath, more or less, you will get punishment; on the contrary, you will be happy on the Heath. In brief, the paper chiefly reveals the theme: those who rebel against the nature will be lost.

Key words: Egdon Heath; character; environment; symbolism; punishment

 

摘   要

《还乡》是托马斯•哈代的“人物与环境小说”之1。本文主要是评论小说中的主要人物与环境“爱格敦荒原”之间的冲突,尤其是游台莎与荒原间的冲突。作为实物,荒原被人们描写成“未受侵犯的”,不可触摸的和不变的;作为象征,它是多变的:对不同的小说人物而言,它有不同的象征意义。对游台莎,荒原是邪恶的;对克林,荒原是美好的;对托玛沁,荒原是1个安慰的地方;对维恩,荒原是家。根据小说人物对特定场景的需要,作者在不同的时间里描写符合人物性格的不同的景色。同时,爱格敦荒原本身就是最古老的人物。在《还乡》中,游台莎憎恨荒原并且想逃离荒原;克林想改变荒原;而托玛沁和维恩则对它很忠诚;对约布赖特太太来说,她既不爱它也不恨它,她就象外来者,与荒原格格不入。不论是谁,只要他们想反抗荒原,他们,或多或少,会得到惩罚;反之,他们会有幸福的生活。简而言之,谁背叛自然谁将会迷失。

关键词:爱格敦荒原;人物;环境;象征;惩罚

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