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应酬语的英汉对比研究

时间:2017-10-02 其他毕业论文 我要投稿
毕业论文

Contrast of Phatic Language between English and Chinese


Abstract

Phatic language is a speech form with small amount of information for building and safeguarding harmonious and friendly interpersonal relationships. It plays an important role in cross-cultural communication. The aim of this thesis is to compare and study the differences of phatic language between English and Chinese. As everyone knows, language has very close relationship with culture. And the theory contained in culture determines the habit and way of language application. Likewise, phatic language is influenced by it too. And in the daily life, especially in the social occasion, phatic language is very important too. Saying more polite words shows not only respect to other people, but your culture. Contrasting phatic language between English and Chinese can not only be in favor of the harmonious atmosphere, but in favor of intercommunication. The first chapter of this thesis describes theory of phatic language; the second chapter contrasts the differences of phatic language between English and Chinese; the third chapter researches the applications of greetings and compliments of phatic language.

Key Words: phatic language; theory; greeting; compliment


摘  要

应酬语是指为建立和维持和谐友好的人际关系而采用的具有很小新信息量的言语形式,它在跨文化交际中起了重要作用。本论文旨在对比研究应酬语在英汉语中的区别。众所周知,语言和文化是紧密相连的,文化中所蕴涵的理论决定了语言应用的习惯和方式。同样,应酬语也受之影响。而且在日常生活中,尤其在社交场合中,应酬语10分重要。多说客气话不仅表示尊重别人,而且表明自己有修养。对比研究英汉应酬语,不仅有利于双方气氛融洽,而且有益于国际间的交际。论文第1部分简述了应酬语蕴涵的原理,第2部分对比分析了英汉应酬语不同,第3部分研究了应酬语中的问候语和恭维语在生活中的应用.

关键词:应酬语、理论、问候语、恭维语

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