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浅议音乐欣赏课教学新模式

时间:2017-08-26 音乐学毕业论文 我要投稿
毕业论文

摘   要

音乐欣赏是音乐教育的重要组成部分,是理解音乐和学好音乐的前提,并且在提高学生审美能力,陶冶学生情操,促进学生综合素质发展等方面发挥重要的作用。因此,上好音乐欣赏课在很大程度上,关系到音乐教育的整体质量。然而,传统的音乐欣赏课教学模式对激发学生音乐的热情和兴趣却有很大的局限性。它古板、枯燥、乏味、不轻松、不愉悦、缺乏情感魅力。为此,对音乐欣赏教学模式的探究和研究是值得我们每位音乐工作者思考的问题。本文概述了音乐欣赏传统教学存在的弊端及学术界对音乐欣赏教学的研究与建议。针对《全日制义务教育音乐课程标准》(实验稿)对中小学音乐欣赏提出了新的要求,分析了音乐欣赏教学在音乐教学的作用和地位,并以此为启发提出了音乐欣赏教学新模式:化被动学习为主动参与,激发学生的表现欲;通过情感体验,获取更高的审美愉悦;创设情景、设置问题,激发学生对音乐的探究愿望;营造和谐、民主的教学氛围,培养学生的创新意识。
    关键词:音乐欣赏;参与;体验;探究;创新


ABSTRACT

Music appreciation is an important constituent of music education and the premise to understand and learn music better. Moreover , music appreciation plays a vital role in improving students, aesthetic judgement ,moulding students, temperament and promoting students, all-round development,Therefore, music appreciation course to a large degree, has a  great impact on the quality of music education. Nevertheless ,the  tradition teaching model of music appreciation,which is inflexible, monotonous,dull, unpleasant and lack of emotion, has some limitations on arousing students, enthusiasm and interest in music.Accordingly, the research on teaching model of music appreciation deserve the consideration of all musicians. In this thesis, we give a brief account of the demerits of tradition teaching model of music appreciation and introduce researches and suggestions on music appreciation teaching in academic circle. Meanwhile, we analyze the  status and functions of music appreciation teaching in music education in accordance with the new requirements of musical course standard for All-day compulsory Education (Experiment) to middle and primary school students. On this basis, we advance a new model of music appreciation teaching. First, encourage students to actively participate in class instead of passive reciept of knowledge to arouse student’s desire for expression. Then obtain more pleasure in aesthetic judgment through sentimental experience. Third, take situational teaching method and put up questions in classes to promote student’s desire for studying music. Last, make a harmonious and democratic teaching at mospleve and develop students’ innovation awareness.
    Key words: Music appreciation; Participation; Experience; Study; Innovation

 

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