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声乐与器乐的完美结合

时间:2017-08-26 音乐学毕业论文 我要投稿
毕业论文

摘   要

《第9交响曲》是贝多芬全部创作的高峰和总结,它结构宏伟、构思广阔、思想深邃,意境高远,形象丰富多样,它开拓了交响曲的规模和技术手段,最集中体现了他创作的思想境界、革命热情和艺术理想。作品充满了炙烈的热情,也不乏严肃的哲理性的反思,有忧郁的气质,却更富有明朗、激越、奋进的乐观主义和英雄主义精神,最终以“欢乐主题”作为思想发展逻辑性的概括和总结。然而与其他交响曲不同的是在这1交响曲中,贝多芬使用了人声与器乐相结合的方式。虽然在交响乐作品中加入合唱的做法并非开始于贝多芬,但在作品中既不染合唱从属于管弦乐,也不使管弦乐受合唱的支配,从而达到两者浑然融合目的的《第9交响曲》是最早的成功之作。
本文从研究贝多芬的《第9交响曲》第4乐章的曲式结构入手,并将1些其他声乐与器乐结合的作品进行对比,从而了解声乐与器乐结合作品的优点。
    关键词:交响乐;贝多芬;声乐与器乐

 
ABSTRACT

    Symphony No. 9 is the pinnacle and summing-up in all works of Beethoven. It has a magnificent structure, a subject with wide ideas, deep thought and diversified appearances. It enlarged the size of symphonies enriched the technique means, and embodies the passion to revolution, and the ideal for art of his composition. This work is full with enthusiasm and does not lack grave philosophy thought with saturnine deposition. However, it possesses opening, progressive enthusiasm and hero spirits. It ended with a logical idea development of a convivial subject. However, it differed from other symphonies because of its combined vocal and instruments. Though this form is not origination of Beethoven, the symphony No.9 is the earliest work which makes the orchestra and the chorus independent.      This essay will firstly study the structure of the movement four in No. 9 symphony, and contrast it with other works in order to know the virtues of works which combined the vocal and instruments.     Key words: symphony; Beethoven; vocal and instrumental music

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