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试论中小学音乐教育中的“美”和“乐”

时间:2017-08-26 音乐学毕业论文 我要投稿
毕业论文

摘   要

中小学音乐教育是1种面向全体学生的基本素质教育,它的目的不是培养音乐家,首先是培养人,是培养全面发展的1代新人,它的宗旨是使学生具备1定的审美能力和音乐素养,让学生能够喜欢音乐、懂得音乐、欣赏音乐、表现音乐。但是,目前音乐教育中存在的种种问题,如:知识的灌输或机械呆板的技能训练压抑了学生的学习兴趣,教师老套教学、成人化的教学模式降低了学生的音乐感受力和创造力等等表明,音乐教育偏离了它应有的宗旨。针对此种情况,笔者在前人对教育改革研究的基础上,综合自身见解,提出实施审美与快乐结合的音乐教育,在以学生为主的情况下,变原来单纯的知识灌输和技能训练为提高学生的审美认知能力,在轻松愉悦的环境中传授学生知识的同时注重学生个性的发展以及创造能力的培养。这就需要教师做到以情感人、以美育人;以乐感人、以乐育人;捕捉学生的创新火花、培养学生的创新精神。
关键词:音乐教育;审美;快乐


ABSTRACT

The primary and junior high school music education is a kind of basic education for all-round development that faces to the student body, its purpose is not to develop a musician, but first to develop the person——a  new generation with overall development. Its aim is to make students have a certain taste of eathesis andappreciation , and make them like music, know music, enjoy music and express music.But, current music education displays various  problems, such as:The stereotyped merthods of teaching knowledge suppress the students interest in the study, and lower the distinction of students musical wense and the creative power etc. leading to a deviation. In this kind of circumstance, the author, combinign what others have researched in the field with my own views, puts forward the music education that the implements the merthod of " eathesis and enjoyment ", under the condition of regarding students as the principle, inorder to turn pure knowledge infusion and vocational trainings appreciation and the ability of cognizance and pay attention to the development of students personality developmet and creation at the time of teaching students  knowledge in the relaxed pleaing environment.This needs the teacher to more with the emotion, touch with beaury, leaving students free for their own developent and creation.
Key words: Music education; eathesis ; enjoyment

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