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语言文学毕业论文-论孙悟空形象的猴性与人性

 

摘   要

吴承恩在《西游记》中成功地塑造了许多栩栩如生的艺术形象,孙悟空即是其中塑造得最成功的典型之1。这1形象经历了由历史到传说到文人作品的衍变历程,日渐形成了集人、兽、神“3性1体”的艺术形象。从外在体貌而言,“毛脸雷公嘴,罗圈腿,拐子步,红屁股,再带上1个永不可脱的尾巴”,具有神性的孙悟空依然表现出特别突出的猴性。从内质上看,其思想表现越来越复杂,人性占上了主导地位。当然,在孙悟空身上,猴性与人性并非彼此完全独立,而是在对立中相互影响,相互交融,如其好动性则是猴性与人性的交汇。从故事的衍变历程来看,孙悟空从钟天地之灵气而生到大闹3界再到西天取经修成正果,正体现了猴性的收敛与人的社会化的发展过程。在这1过程中,孙悟空由1只不懂世情的毛猴逐渐成长为1个聪颖、机敏、善战而又遵礼守法的社会人。这1过程正体现了1种“物-人-神”的进化规律。
关键词:《西游记》;孙悟空;猴性;人性
 


ABSTRACT

Wu Cheng-en has succeeded in moulding a lot of vivid artistic images in Journey to the West, Sun Wukong is one of the models moulded the most successfully among them . This image has been gone through from history to the development course to scholars work of the legend, have formed the artistic image of people , beast , spirit " three an organic whole " of collecting day by day. As regards external body looks, " Thunder Gods mouth of hair face, bowlegs , cripples step , red buttocks , take another tail that can never be taken off ", spirit Sun Wukong still demonstrates very outstanding monkey. In view of interior quality, its thought behave more and more complicated, leading status at the human nature. Certainly, on Sun Wukong, the monkey is not totally independent each other with the human nature , but influence on each other while setting against, blend each other, if its active is a monkey, with the crossing of human nature . According to development course of the story, from gather the efficacious air in the world  and grow to create an uproar in three circle learn from elses experience right fruit of building to Western Paradise and then of world Sun Wukong, reflect convergence and socialized evolution of people of monkey. In this course, Sun Wukong understand by one hair monkey of social trends grow into one intelligent alert. This course is reflecting a kind of " the thing - persons - spirit " evolution law .
Key words: Journey to the West; Sun Wukong; monkey nature; human nature

 

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