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语言文学毕业论文-花袭人性格的多面性和复杂性

 

摘   要

在《红楼梦》裙钗谱中,花袭人奴性的性格呈现多面性,是非常复杂的。本文从脂本、程本两种不同版本对花袭人截然不同的评价出发:1是把她说成“义女”“孝女”“贤袭卿”,推崇备至;1种说是“奸险小人”,“大观园的女特务”,极力贬低,2者尖锐对立,予以区分是非常必要的。袭人以痴著称,在其待人接物时复杂地表现出来,袭人的痴是建立在主子的荣华富贵和“对和善好心的主人感激不尽”这两个基础之上,具有矛盾的2重性,以伏贴在贾府立足,凭攻心谋取2奶奶地位,加害于人攫取资本,为的是跻身主子行列,而这1切力争都似乎是在“漫不经心”的尽职尽责的奴才行为中推进的。贾府破败后,她又是在失去主子希望的悲痛中,极其得体地完成了身份的过渡;ㄏ似涫凳腔“戏”人,半是真诚半是狡诈地走完了她的人生3部曲,成为《红楼梦》描绘得最成功的艺术典型之1。
关键词:袭人;脂本;程本;贤;奸;奴性

 
ABSTRACT

Among the female figures described in A Dream of Red Mansions, Xi Ren’s personality which resembles the slave is complex and versatile. This thesis concentrates on the two completely different visions of comments on Xi Ren, one is made by Zhi Yan ,which describes her as a loyal ,devoted, filial ,virtuous and dutoful woman, and praises her so highly, while the other is made by Cheng Gao ,which describes her as  a crafty and evil woman and the “female spy in the Da Guan Yuan”  and belittle her very much .The two comments are opposite to each other .It’s essential for us to distinguish them .As we know ,Xi Ren is famous for her idiocy and it will manifest when she communicate with people .The idiocy of Xi Ren is built upon the richness and the gratefulness towards her host ,which has two side of contradiction .The reason regarding why she stays in the family of Jia, kills other to get their fortune and attains the position of the second wife by employing her wiseness  is to be in line of the hosts, and it seems that all the evil deeds are done in a dutiful way .After the dilapidation of the family of Jia, she accomplishes the change of identification under the grievance of losing the chance to be the host .The truth of Hua Xiren is that she just play tricks on other people .She finishes her life in a half loyal and half crafty way ,and thus becomes the most successful  representative figure of art in the description of A Dream of Red Mansions.
Key words: Xi Ren; the script of Zhi Yan; the script of Cheng Gao; virtuous; deceitful

 

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