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语言文学毕业论文-论王朔小说的特色语言

 

摘   要

210世纪810年代以来以“现象”命名的事件越来越多,但各种“现象”似乎总是昙花1现,唯有王朔现象是个例外。而王朔和他的文字从80年代以来就备受文坛内外的关注和争议。
调侃式语言是王朔小说独具特色的话语调式。王朔对文学语言进行了1番革新,创立了以调侃式语言为典型标志的王朔小说。王朔运用语言变幻的手段使语言呈现新鲜、奇特和陌生化的意味,起到了“以俗戏雅”和“以雅戏俗”的效果,并获得居高临下、嘲弄1切的言语霸权优势。
他的出现改变了当代中国文学的总体格局,其所代表的市民文化的崛起更是1种对传统精英文化和严肃文化的嘲笑和消解。同时他作为1个大众文化的代言人,更是用1种特殊的语言方式和叙事结构,表现出1种对社会底层的终极关怀。
这种游戏式的语言成了他打破等级鸿沟的工具,这种幽默和戏谑,让老百姓释放出内心恐惧,理解了命运的荒诞。同时这种王朔式的幽默也成就了他在中国当代小说式的独特地位。
关键词:调侃;解构;反叛;市民文学


 
ABSTRACT
 
Even since the 1980s there have been more and more affairs named by “the phenomenon”, but each kind of “the phenomenon ”has only a short life. Nevertheless, there is an exception, that is “Wangshuo phenomenon”. Wang Shuo and his writing are questions of interest and are paid close attention by people inside and outside of the literary group.
Ridicule is Wang Shuos language feature. Wang Shuo makes a reform to language, createing a pattern of "Wang Shuo " novel, which is on the basis of his typical writing feature——ridicule. The ridiculous languages can be divided into three kinds. Wangshuo’s language is apt to changing, and by using this writing skill, Wang Shuo makes his works represent fresh, strange and unusual meaning, achieving the finish of “combining the vulgar and the elegant”, thus to win the literary superiority.
The appearance of Wangshuo and his novel changes the overall pattern of contemporary literature of China, and the rises of civil culture that he represents is the kinds of mocking and dispelling to the traditional classical culture and the serious cultural. At the same time, as a spokesman of the popular literary, he uses a special language way and the narrative structure to display his upmost concern for the people of low social position.
This kind of game -like language became his tool of breaking the social rank gap, and the kind humorous and playful writing feature released the inner fear of common people, thus to understand the incredibleness of destiny. At the same time, Wangshuo’s typical humorous writhing skill achieves him an unique status in the Chinese novel of present age.
    Key words: Ridicule; deconstruction; revolt; civil literature

 

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