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语言文学毕业论文-论《镜花缘》的讽刺艺术

 

摘   要

清代中期(乾隆——道光时期),是已经进入晚期的中国封建社会由回光返照向崩溃衰亡的转折时期。在这个夜气如磐,新旧社会思潮激烈斗争的动荡时代里,中国古典小说达到了高度成熟的阶段,形成了小说史上的最后1个创作高潮。李汝珍的《镜花缘》,就是这个最后高潮里面出现的1部长篇杰作。李汝珍用他神话般传奇的大笔,驾驭其高超的讽刺之舟,凭借奇特的想象、大胆的夸张,说的似乎只是神话故事,实际却有现实的影子,是现实生活的漫画。并在这幅漫画里加入了炽热的理想,从而构造了1个光怪陆离、5彩缤纷的虚幻世界。在这讽刺之舟里,李汝珍化身其所钟爱的理想人物唐敖父女,时而写实、时而夸张,嬉笑怒骂道尽其不满;时而在变形、怪诞中暗藏深义,象征中透露着心绪,对比中表现着进步的思想,成全了理想世界里1场镜花水月的梦中梦。本文试从讽刺艺术的角度入手,对作品中的讽刺对象、讽刺技巧及讽刺目的予以探讨、研究。
关键词:《镜花缘》;讽刺对象;讽刺技巧;讽刺目的
 


ABSTRACT

The Qing Dynasty intermediate stage (does the prosperous - Daoguang time), was already enters the later period the China feudal society by to return to consciousness just before dying to the collapse declining transition time. In this night of gas like plate, in the new old society ideological trend intense struggle turbulent time, the Chinese classical novel had achieved the highly mature stage, has formed in the novel history last the creation high tide. Li Ruzhen "Mirror Colored Reason", is inside this final high tide appears last the lengthy outstanding construction. Li Ruzhen with his myth legend big pen, controls boat o af the its excellent satire, relies on the unusual imagination, the bold exaggeration, said iss if only the myth story, actually has the reality actually the shadow, is the real life cartoon. And has joined the blazing ideal in this cartoon, thus structure grotesque and gaudy, multi-colored unreal world. Boat of in this satire, ideal character Tang and his daughter which the Li Ruzhen incarnation its cherishes is haughty, from time to time practicalizes, exaggerates from time to time, writes freely it not to fill; From time to time in the distortion, the weird center hidden deep righteousness, in the symbol was disclosing the state of mind, in the contrast is displaying the progress thought, has helped in the ideal world in an illusion dream the dream. This article tries from the satire art angle to obtain, to in the work satire object, the satire skill and the satire goal discusses, the research.
Key words: The Mirror Colored Reason; Satire object; Satire skill; Satire goal

 

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