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语言文学毕业论文-论《聊斋志异》中的女性

 


摘   要

蒲松龄坎坷的1生和特殊的生活经历对他的文学创作有着重大的影响,而科场的失意和生活的贫困,更使他在思想上对科举制度的腐朽、封建政治制度的黑暗有深刻的认识和体会,他常常处于愤懑、无聊之中。因此,他借创作来抒情,寻求心理慰藉,其中女性形象恰恰充当了他的理想载体,饱含了他在人生失意后被压抑的某些欲望、动机和理想。他的《聊斋志异》是1部独具特色的文言短篇小说集,作为我国古代文言短篇小说的颠峰之作!读恼疽臁肺颐撬茉炝1大批光彩照人的女性形象。为了进1步了解古代女性的生活,我把这些命运不同,形态各异的女性分为4类:1类是往返于幽冥仙界的花妖狐魅,精灵鬼怪;1类是平凡现实生活中的世俗女子;1类是挣脱封建礼教的叛逆者;另1类则是超拔须眉之上的伟大女性。蒲松龄妇女形象的描述反映出她们的爱情、婚姻、友谊和幸福生活,同时也揭示了封建社会妇女爱情道路的坎坷、地位的低下。因此,作者对她们寄予深深的同情,并赞扬了她们敢于反抗封建、勇于斗争的精神。
    关键词:蒲松龄;聊斋志异;妇女形象;反封建礼教;分析研究


ABSTRACT

    As one of the most famous novelists in Chinese classica litrature, Pu Songling lived a life of trepidations and dashed hopes. His frustrations influenced his writing a great deal.In his lifetime,nothing but liteary creation could console his disgruntled soul.Reading his short stories,we can easily find the female images played an important role in re-establishing his ideal life as well as relieving his stress and burden.As the most famous collection of short stories in Chinese classical literature,the book present us varions radiant female characters.The paper tends to presont four types of female images from the book.The first type is the images with superpower spirits,travelling to an fro detween netherworld and earthlyworld. The secong type is the common females in ordainary life.And the third one is the against the feudal ethical codes.The last type is about those great women who surpass the males in their wits and wisdoms.
    Key words: Pu Songling; Ghost Stories; female imge; antifeudal ethics; Analytical research

 

 

 

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