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Cultural Politics of Gender in Char

毕业论文


论文名称: Cultural Politics of Gender in Charlotte Brontes Jane Eyre

论文名称: 论夏洛特.勃朗特《简爱》中性别文化 英文论文

关键词:性别文化建构 cultural construction of gender性别主体 gendered subject父权 patriarchy性压迫 sexual oppression简爱 Jane Eyre

[摘要]  本论文尝试从性别文化政治的角度来重新诠释简爱中性别的议题。阐述在维多利亚时期的父权社会中,女主角简爱如何反抗当时的女性理想形象、反抗父权论述实践,及挑战当时的性别权利关系。 中国论文网-英文版

  第1章回顾国内外有关简爱的评论文章,并从中找出了重新阅读此小说的理由。其1,简爱是否颠覆当时传统的女性角色1直备受讨论但是尚无定论;其2,至今有关小说中性别是透过什么样的文化机制形塑而成,且简爱如何反抗性别主体的过程尚未有健全的讨论。因此,本论文采用Weedon和Jordan的性别文化政治及Foucault的权利观念来探讨小说中性别形塑的问题,及简爱对维多利亚性别主体的反动。

英文论文


 第2章再现维多利亚女性理想意象,以便与夏绿蒂对简爱的描绘做1比较。简爱这1角色的描绘可说是与当时女性理想形象背道而驰,因此夏绿蒂与简爱受到相当多人的批评。批评者控诉他们颠覆维多利亚的社会价值观及女性理想形象;无可否认,这些控诉正证明简爱颠覆了当时传统的女性角色。



 第3章举例说明家庭、学校,及宗教这3个文化机制如何透过论述实践、纪律、与惩罚来形塑简爱成为1个性别主体。此外,这1章节也展现简爱如何反抗这些形塑力量。


  第4章主要论述简爱如何抵抗Rochester 及St. John的诱惑,而不至于成为Rochester的情妇及St. John有名无实的妻子,并阐述简爱如何寻找到自我,成为自己的主人而非Rochester及St. John的他者。此外,这1章将Bertha诠释为维多利亚时代性压迫下1个被压制的主体;但这并不表示Bertha就毫无权力可言,她透过暴力来展现对父权的反抗。



 第5章摘要了前几章的重点,并指出这本小说尚可探讨的空间。本论文只着重性别议题的讨论,而忽略阶级及种族的议题;赪eedon及Jordan的观点,性别、阶级及种族都是文化建构的产品,他们促成了不同与不平。因此,这本小说中阶级及种族议题也可从文化政治的角度来加以探讨。

字串2

[摘要]  This thesis attempts to provide an interpretation of Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre in terms of cultural politics of gender by exploring the ways in which Jane Eyre resists being an en-gendered subject as an angel in the house and conforming to the ideal image of womanhood embedded in the network of power relations and discursive practices of the Victorian Age.  In Chapter One, Introduction, I review the critical essays abroad and at home, and point out two reasons for rereading the already much discussed novel. For one thing, whether or not Jane is subversive to the traditional roles of women has been constantly debated and yet far from settled; for the other, there is yet no sound and systematic study on how the gender role is constructed and how Jane resists being an en-gendered subject and empowers herself. In this chapter I introduce the methodology—cultural politics of gender which is a combination of the ideas of such feminist critics Weedon and Jordan and Foucault’s idea of power.  In Chapter Two, I represent the ideal image of womanhood in the early Victorian Age so as to offer a vivid comparison to Jane Eyre. Creating a heroine alienating from the Victorian ideal image of womanhood, Bront? aroused lots of hostile responses when the first edition of Jane Eyre was published in 1847. Bront? and Jane were accused of doing unconventional deeds and subverting social, political and religious institutions. Meanwhile, the contemporary negative reviews manifest that the novel really challenged the Victorian cultural norms and ideal image of womanhood.  In Chapter Three, I illustrate how the three cultural institutions—family, school, and religion, which coincide with Gateshead, Lowood, and the representatives of Christianity in the novel—function to en-gender Jane as an expected gendered subject through discursive practices, discipline and punishment, and how Jane revolts against their power.  In Chapter Four, I mainly focus on Jane’s resistance to the temptation of becoming Rochester’s mistress and St. John’s nominal wife, and on Jane’s quest for her identity as her own mistress. In addition, the mad woman, Bertha, is read as a subjugated subject under the sexual oppression in the Victorian patriarchal society. Under the sexual regulation, Bertha isn’t a powerless woman; instead, she demonstrates her resistance to the patriarchy through violence.In the last chapter I summarize the main points of the preceding chapters and point out the room for further study. In this thesis, the issues of class and race are overlooked. According to Weedon and Jordan, these three terms, gender, class, and race are all culturally constructed, not natural. They contribute to difference and inequality. Therefore, I suggest that the two issues in Jane Eyre can also be discussed in the light of cultural politics of class and race.

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